The Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common causes of infertility. Not every woman who has polycystic ovaries suffers from the Syndrome but when this happens, the severity of the symptoms is greater. Today, 4-18% of women has PCOS.
–Irregular menstrual cycle
–Difficulties in conception or multiple miscarriages
–Increased body hair growth and hair loss concerning the head
–Greasy skin, acne
–Excess body weight, with the fat centering the waist while the legs remain thin
For many women, weight loss can be an effective treatment on its own. The best strategy is to lose weight slowly but steadily, to regulate the metabolism. But why is it so difficult for women with PCOS to lose weight?
Almost 50% of women with PCOS are obese. This is mainly due to the hyperinsulinemia caused by the Syndrome, the elevated quantity of insulin in the blood that is. Insulin is the hormone that regulates the levels of blood sugar and when it’s elevated, the body’s ability to burn fat decreases. This is the reason why losing weight becomes so difficult for women with PCOS. Simple carbohydrates cause an increase of insulin in the blood resulting to metabolism impairment in women with PCOS, to whom the levels of insulin are already elevated. It has been proven, that women who avoid consuming simple carbohydrates, lose weight more easily. The most suitable dietary plans for women with PCOS who wish to lose weight the Low Glycemic Index diet, the DASH diet is less strict and more preferable.
The DASH diet is more or less a version of the Mediterranean diet, which focuses on complex carbohydrates (whole wheat products) and avoids the simple ones (sugar, pastries, cakes, pies etc). Another characteristic of the DASH diet, is that the cholesterol intake is reduced (butter, margarines, eggs, red meat etc) while the quantity of fruits and vegetables is elevated. One more useful advice is to eat a full breakfast. According to a 2013 study, when the most calories of the day are consumed at breakfast or around it, hormone regulation therapy becomes more effective.
It has also been shown that in women with PCOS, marjoram tea consumption improves insulin sensitivity, therefore lowers insulin levels in the blood. It also lowers the levels of adrenal androgens (male hormones), regulating the menstrual cycle.
No food is completely banned but the consumption frequency of each one is the key to a successful dietary therapy. Of course, exercise plays a big part to your effort, as it regulates insulin function and adjusts the metabolism, multiplying the chances of success in every kind of treatment.